At least, it seemed to be Marcos. He was, after all, wearing his trademark black ski mask.
Followers were convinced. They listened over the weekend as Marcos ticked off complaints and critiques — of Mexico's war on drugs, the events in the Gaza Strip, even the perceived shortcomings of President-elect Barack Obama.
Apparently a year out of the limelight had given Marcos lots to say.
"We came to know each other in war, and in war we continue," he said.
Marcos spoke in San Cristobal de las Casas, in Chiapas state, at a four-day conference marking the 15th anniversary of the short-lived rebellion by his Zapatista National Liberation Army. It was part of a "first annual" event called the Festival of Dignified Rage, which ends today.